Everything you need to know about: Bloodhounds

Written by Napo HQ
Reviewed by Dr Louisa Lane
18th Jul 2022
6 mins read
Summary
The Bloodhound is a historical British breed that has sadly become endangered. These docile and droopy dogs make great detectives, thanks to their incredible noses.

Key Stats

Height
58-71cm
Weight
40-54kg
Size
Large
Lifespan
8-12 years
Coat
Short, straight
Exercise
2 hours daily
Grooming
Weekly
Temper
Gentle, docile, independant

Breed history

The Bloodhound is a native British dog breed that been used as a hunting and tracking dog since the Middle Ages. They were kept on leads and used to detect and track deer and boar, but they’ve also been used to track humans since Roman times.
You might think the name comes from their super sniffing ability, and the ability to follow trails of blood. However, the breed’s name supposedly comes from the fact breeders were so diligent in keeping records of their dog’s bloodlines.
Although many of us have heard about Bloodhounds, you’ve probably never seen one. They’ve been an endangered breed for over a decade. Last year,
only 19 were registered
with the Kennel Club.
The photo is of the head of a black and tan Bloodhound in side profile, emphasising their droopy eyes and ears

Appearance

Bloodhounds are unmistakable dogs thanks to their droopy faces, huge floppy ears, and masses of wrinkles. Their long ears and folds of skin were a desirable trait, believed to make air flow from the ground to their nose, helping them to catch scents.

Bloodhound colours

Bloodhounds come in a restricted range of colours, but they can have a wide variety of markings including dark “saddles” or “blankets”.
The official Bloodhound colours as recognised by the breed standard are:
  • Black & tan
  • Liver & tan
  • Liver
  • Red

Bloodhound temperament

The typical Bloodhound temperament is docile, gentle, and even-tempered. They’re friendly dogs and very affectionate with their human family members. When they’re not working, they love to chill out and have a cuddle. But when there’s a smell to follow, they soon perk up!
Although they are working dogs, don’t expect a super-obedient pooch. Be prepared to work on their recall and lead walking if you bring a Bloodhound home. These dogs are tireless when they’re following a scent, so they can seem willful and stubborn if their nose is to the ground.

Did you know?

Did you know: Bloodhounds have
250-300 million
scent receptors. That’s more than double the number the average dog has! Their super-powered nose can follow scents over 100 miles, and detect smells that are more than 300 hours old. Their nose is so good, they’re the only animal whose evidence is admissible in court!
The image is a side-on photo of an adult Bloodhound dog in a field. It's mouth is open as it pants, and it's jowls and loose skin are all moving in the breeze as it walks.

How much exercise does a Bloodhound need?

Bloodhounds need a lot of exercise. You should aim to provide 1.5 to 2 hours of exercise every day. As well as several walks, this can include scent games, training, and other forms of stimulation.
Despite how docile they are at home, Bloodhounds are an active breed. They were bred to follow scents for miles, so they have a lot of stamina. Your Bloodhound will need opportunities to use up their energy, and to use that super nose for stimulation.

How to groom a Bloodhound

Because they have a thick coat of short, straight fur a Bloodhound doesn’t need a lot of grooming. You won’t need to trim or shave your Bloodhound’s fur, and you only need to bathe them whenever they get smelly or visibly dirty.
You should brush your Bloodhound at least once a week to get rid of any dirt and dead hair in their coat. Bloodhounds shed continually throughout the year, and regular brushing will mean the dead fur comes out on the brush and not on your furniture.
However, Bloodhounds have sensitive skin and all those wrinkles make them vulnerable to itching and infection. Your vet can advise you on the best shampoo for your dog, and how often you should bathe them. They might also advise you on how to clean their ears to help prevent infection.
Just like any dog breed, you will need to brush your Bloodhound’s teeth regularly to prevent dental disease. You will also need to trim their claws at least once a month.
The photo shows an adult bloodhound sleeping on a wooden floor, it's jowls and ears flopping out across the floor

Common Bloodhound health problems

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is common in many large breeds of dog, including the Bloodhound.
Most dogs inherit this condition, so
a good breeder
will screen their dogs for dysplasia before breeding them.
Hip dysplasia can be managed with medication, exercise, and weight management. However, some dogs do require surgery to treat their condition.

Elbow dysplasia

Big dogs, like Bloodhounds, are prone to elbow dysplasia too. It’s where the elbow joint in their front legs doesn’t develop correctly.
Just like hip dysplasia, this can be managed with weight management, medication, exercise, or surgery.
Similarly,
good breeders
must screen their dogs for this condition before breeding them.

Sensitive skin

Because of their wrinkles and folds of skin, Bloodhounds are prone to skin fold dermatitis. This is an infection in the folds of skin. Your vet can advise you on how to clean these wrinkles and rolls to help prevent infection. They can also suffer from allergies (atopic dermatitis) which causes inflammation and itchy skin.

Eye problems

Because of their sunken eyes and wrinkly faces, Bloodhounds are prone to several eye problems. Their wrinkles make them vulnerable to ectropion and entropion, where their eyelids roll the wrong way and irritate their eyes. Dry eye is another common condition affecting Bloodhounds.

Ear infections

A Bloodhound’s long, floppy ears are prone to infection as there is little airflow inside the ear. Make ear checks a regular part of your Bloodhounds grooming regime, and your vet can tell you how to clean their ears to help prevent infection.
Find out how much it would be to insure your Bloodhound and protect their health today.

FAQs

Do Bloodhounds shed?
Yes, Bloodhounds shed some fur continuously throughout the year. However, they shed more in the spring and autumn as they change into their summer and winter coats. Brushing and bathing your Bloodhound regularly will help to minimise the amount of fur they shed though.
As well as shedding, Bloodhounds are known to drool. Drool and dander are common allergens, so this breed isn’t the best suited for anyone with allergies.
Are Bloodhounds easy to train?
Although they are a working breed of dog, don’t expect your Bloodhound to be an example of pure obedience. They’re intelligent dogs and will learn quickly. But they’re also independent, and they can be willful when they’re following a scent.
You should be able to train your Bloodhound without difficulty, but they might not always obey, especially if there’s an interesting smell nearby! That being said, they’re very affectionate dogs that form close bonds with their owners, which makes them more likely to listen to you.
When are Bloodhounds fully grown?
Because they are a big breed of dog, Bloodhounds can take a while to mature. They normally reach their adult height by 12 months old. However, they continue to develop muscles for months afterwards and often aren’t considered fully grown until they’re 18-24 months old.
Bloodhound vs Basset Hound
Bloodhounds and Basset Hounds are both droopy-faced dogs with wrinkles and long ears. Both breeds of dog were bred to track scents, and the Bassett is the second-best sniffer after the Bloodhound.
There are some similarities in their temperament too, because they’re both gentle and even-tempered pooches.
However, the biggest difference is that a Bloodhound is a big, proportional dog. They’re bigger dogs and require more exercise.
Meanwhile, a Basset Hound is built like a Dachshund, with a long body and short legs. Bassetts also tend to be more likely to get on in a multi-pet household compared to a Bloodhound.

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